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Kolkata/ Calcutta Climate & Temperature

  • Kolkata/ Calcutta, India is at 22°32'N, 88°19'E, 6 m (21 ft). See map.
  • Kolkata/ Calcutta has a tropical wet and dry/ savanna climate (Köppen-Geiger classification: Aw) with a pronounced dry season in the low-sun months , no cold season, wet season is in the high-sun months.
  • According to the Holdridge life zones system of bioclimatic classification Kolkata/ Calcutta is situated in or near the subtropical moist forest biome.
  • The annual mean temperature is 26.9 degrees Celsius (80.4 degrees Fahrenheit). See the temperatures page for a monthly breakdown and the fixed scale graph.
  • Average monthly temperatures vary by 10.6 °C (19.1°F). This indicates that the continentality type is hyperoceanic, subtype barely hyperoceanic. Kolkata/ Calcutta Climate Graph
  • Total annual Precipitation averages 1800 mm (70.9 inches) which is equivalent to 1800 Litres/m² (44.15 Gallons/ft²).
  • On average there are 2609 hours of sunshine per year. Visit the sunshine and daylight section to check monthly details including how high in the sky the sun reaches each month.
  • Were you to burrow down through the centre of the Earth from Kolkata/ Calcutta you would pop up nearest to the climate station at San Juan Bautista, Robinson Crusoe Island, Juan Fernández Islands where you would find a Mediterranean climate.

Kolkata/ Calcutta Climate Table

  Climate Variable Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Annual
 
Average Max Temperature °C ( °F) 26 (80) 29 (84) 34 (92) 35 (96) 35 (96) 34 (93) 32 (90) 32 (90) 32 (90) 32 (90) 30 (87) 27 (81) 32 (89)
 
Average Temperature °C ( °F) 20 (68) 23 (73) 28 (82) 30 (86) 31 (87) 30 (87) 29 (85) 29 (84) 29 (84) 28 (83) 25 (77) 21 (69) 27 (80)
 
Average Min Temperature °C ( °F) 14 (57) 17 (62) 22 (71) 25 (77) 26 (79) 27 (80) 26 (79) 26 (79) 26 (78) 24 (75) 20 (67) 15 (58) 22 (72)
 
Average Precipitation mm (in) 11 (0) 30 (1) 35 (1) 60 (2) 142 (6) 288 (11) 411 (16) 349 (14) 288 (11) 143 (6) 26 (1) 17 (1) 1800 (71)
Number of Wet Days (probability of rain on a day %) 1 (3) 3 (11) 4 (13) 5 (17) 10 (32) 17 (57) 23 (74) 24 (77) 20 (67) 12 (39) 2 (7) 1 (3) 122 (33)
Average Sunlight Hours/ Day 8h 42' 8h 50' 8h 36' 9h 18' 8h 42' 4h 54' 4h 11' 4h 00' 5h 06' 6h 38' 8h 12' 8h 36' 7h 08'
Average Daylight Hours/ Day 10h 54' 11h 21' 11h 59' 12h 39' 13h 12' 13h 28' 13h 21' 12h 53' 12h 14' 11h 34' 11h 01' 10h 46' 12h 00'
Percentage of Sunny (Cloudy) Daylight Hours 81 (19) 79 (21) 73 (27) 74 (26) 67 (33) 37 (63) 32 (68) 31 (69) 42 (58) 58 (42) 75 (25) 81 (19) 60 (40)
Sun altitude at solar noon on the 21st day (°). 47.5 56.7 67.6 79.3 87.5 89 87.5 79.6 68.1 56.6 47.4 44 67.6

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